QUININE Saves the Man Against Malaria

 QUININE Saves the Man Against Malaria

Dear Readers, Some decades ago, malaria was notorious as the important disease causing dead in many parts of the world. The government of Dutch at that time made precise effort to find the medicine against malaria, and quinine plant was begun to be cultivated in Indonesian land.
Indonesia is famous as the largest producer of quinine (Kina: Indonesian)There are quinine plantations in the mountains around Bandung. and we are a big factory is also located in the city of Bandung. Out of this factory many bitter tablets of quinine save man from malaria. Indeed quinine tablet is very effective against malaria.

Please Read also : How to Keep Our Heart Healthy (clik here)

Quinine Plant is a medicinal plant a tree from South America along the Andes mountain range that covers the territory of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru to Bolivia. The area includes woods at an altitude of 900-3000 m above sea level. Quinine plant seeds into Indonesia in 1852 came from Bolivia, but the plants were grown from seed quinine is finally dead. In 1854 as many as 500 seeds planted in the quinine of Bolivia Cibodas and grow 75 trees consisting of 10 clones. Quinine harvest by peeling  its bark.

Brief of Classification Division: Spermatophyta Sub-Division: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledoneae Family: Rubiaceae Genus: Chinchona Species: Chinchona spp.

Varieties of Plants :
Chincona succirubra

A tree with a height of up to 17m, pole-shaped branches are angular, 4 at the ends, densely hairy at first and then a little short bald and red. Located opposite leaves and elliptical, taper or gradually become round, green to yellow-green, red-colored autumn leaves. Bone leaves consist of 11-12 pairs, rather globular, pole-shaped, leaf leverage partially red, very wide. The size of the leaf length of 24 - 25cm, width 17 -19cm. Tubular petals, circular, form a top, a wide toothed triangular shape, taper. Fragrant flowers, ovoid to spindle shape.

Chincona calisaya
The layout leaves opposite, oblong circular shape breech, 8 -15cm length, width 3 - 6cm, downy lower surface velvety, especially on young leaves, stem length 1 - 1.5cm. Leverage leaves longer than the petiole, when it is open leaves leverage will fall. Flower panicle shape, downy, flowers gathered at each end of the inflorescence, petal tube shape and scalloped at the top. Flower star shape, smell fragrant with a length of 9mm, the strands of the inner petals bright red, tight and short haired, long stamens half the flower tube. Reddish fruit when ripe, forms such trelur 4mm long and winged.

Chincona. ledgeriana
Tree height between 4 - 10 m, branch rectangular shape, downy or Lokos. Leaves elliptic to oblong, the base of the taper and tapered, pointed leaf tips and oblong, thin strands, but the bright purple young leaves are reddish, petiole glabrous, green or reddish, stem length 3 - 6mm. Long leaf size 25.5 - 28.5cm, width 9 - 13cm, but sometimes 7cm long and 2cm wide. Round to oval leaves fulcrum length of 17 - 32mm and not hairy. Crown of yellow flowers and sweet-smelling little white, curved shape with a length of 8 - 12mm. 7 panicle length - 18cm rectangle and handles very short and hairy meetings. Breech pyramid shape petals 3 - 4mm thick tubes covered with white fur, tube outer petals short hair but bald on the inside with a 5 angle. No stalk juice. Fruit oblong to oval premises length 8 - 12 mm and a width of 3 - 4 mm. Seeds oblong to oblong length of 4 - 5 mm.

 Crops
Among the many species of quinine in Indonesia, only 2 species are important  are C. succirubra Pavon (Succi quinine) were used as root stock and C. ledgriana (quinine ledger) as scions of plant material.
Superior clones that are recommended include: Cib 6, KP 105, KP 473, KP 484dan QRC. C. calisaya Wedd. (Quinine kalisaya) is also widely known and grown by the community.

BENEFIT PLANT
The skin contains a lot of quinine alkaloids are useful for medicine. Among these alkaloids, there are two very important alkaloid is quinine for malaria and kinidine for heart disease. Another benefit of skin quinine, among others, is to cure the influenza, dysentery, diarrhea, and tonic.

PLANTING CENTER
Quinine production centers in Indonesia is in West Java, Central Java, East Java and West Sumatra.

Spread of Plant

Climate
1 The wind is strong and long caused much damage due to broken branches and leaf drop. 2 Annual rainfall    for the cultivation of quinine ideal location is 2.000- 3,000 mm / year and evenly throughout the year.
3 These plants require sun exposure is not too hot.
4 Plants grow well at temperatures between 13.5 to 21 degrees C. 5. plants require humid climates with daily minimum relative humidity of 68% in one year and 97%.

Growing Media
-Land suitable for quinine plant is fertile, friable, contains a lot of organic matter, not rocky and stony.
-The degree of acidity (pH) between 4.6 to 6.5 with an optimum pH of 5.8. 5.3. The altitude
In the Andes region of origin in the plant grows at an altitude of 1050 - 1500 m above sea level (asl). In Indonesia, this plant likes the area with an altitude of 800-2000 m above sea level to the optimum height for the cultivation of quinine is 1400-1700 m above sea level.

O K. We see know that this very important plant has established in Indonesia in the same topographical as its origin in South America, and its existance in the earth to cure human from deadly desease of malaria.
People will have illness of malaria is as pain as have their tooth ache.
Maintaining our body in health is of prime important, so let's train ourselves to keep our body health. One of our organ is tooth, let us to train how to keep your tooth healthy. To know it, please read keep our tooth healthy.

Read more this article.Endangered Species of Animal dan Vegetation. 





Click :
1. here to enter the Endangered

1. 2. here to enter .How to Keep Our Heart Healthy 

1. 3. Click Here Quinine Harvest

 





66 komentar:

farhan fahlevi said...

I agree with this article, let us develop quinine for future - John

mohamad agfar pratama said...

this article really good,because make we all know about malaria

Pian Al Gifari said...

i think this article is very useful and good for the readers, and in this article we can get information about the quinine can saves man from malaria and many function of quinine this article is very helpful for me and for us , for readers - smith

sutio agusti said...

very good article, let us introduce the quinine in Bandung to the world

muhamadogi paisal said...

Its very important,, Let us to increase the quinine plant in indonesia because is very good for medicine-luiz

sugiono purwanto said...

Quinine is a benefical plant,I became interested to know that of the quinine content - gion

Muhammad Faisal anwar said...

when I read this article I so know that quinine could save people from malaria and it became a new science for me -Di Maria

Pribadi Aliza said...

amazing ! indonesia is famous as the largest producer of quinine , we should to use that , so that indonesia can be spared from malaria virus.- robben

sansan D candra said...

I agree with this article, Let us keep this quinine for our future together.

by : zan

Nova Adi Windiani said...

I agree with this article, the quinine plant is very important and we must preserve especially in Indonesia

Mimi Alhusna said...

Amazing !! . Its verry important article. Quinine saved our life from malaria

-cinderella-

ulpah husnul said...

its very benefit, and remind us about how riches our country
-upet

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metty sulastri said...

This article is very helpful once for all humans on earth and can save from malaria virus - selena

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yokzan ordinary said...

it's really useful for my knowledge. thanks. Im proud that indonesia can plant Qunine. so we can prepare the benefits of quinine for our residents without export or anything. good.
by yokzan

Yusuf Hadi said...

his article was provide information about the quinine - Thor

Oscar Maulana said...

Awesome ! This article is very good, Especially can explain benefit and function of Quinine, so we can know that Quinine very important for cure human from deadly disease of malaria. -Maos

neng siti solihah said...

wow.. the information from this article is very good and I can know about quinine in Indonesia- sita

Wulan Oxavia said...

This is very helpful article. We know malaria is one of the deadly diseases in the world that if we do not know how to anticipate, it will be fatal. Quinine that can kill malaria is a great invention, especially in the field of medicine. Today's farmers quinine will be able to advance because there is an excess that can fight malaria. Which will be able to save the people who affected by malaria -Oxa

Wulan Oxavia said...

This is very helpful article. We know malaria is one of the deadly diseases in the world that if we do not know how to anticipate, it will be fatal. Quinine that can kill malaria is a great invention, especially in the field of medicine. Today's farmers quinine will be able to advance because there is an excess that can fight malaria. Which will be able to save the people who affected by malaria -Oxa

Rossy said...

Excellent information ! i think this article interesting but would be better if there are quinine work for cure human from deadly disease of malaria

Rossy said...

Excellent information and would be better if there are information about quinine work for cura human from deadly disease of malaria

Sonia Amalia said...

This article is very important and useful for us or readers. Quinine should we preserve or maintained as best as possible, in the presence of quinine, we can prevent or survived malaria and others mentioned in the article. -Irene

yasmin maulia said...

I think this article is very important to remind each other to avoid malaria - stewart

Nadya Zafira Rahmah said...

this article makes me want to know more about the plants in indonesia -nadheera

Novita Eka Anggraeni said...

:)

novita eka said...

this article very important,the malaria can grow in climate,and so we must keep this

novita eka said...

this article very important,the malaria can grow in climate,and so we must keep this

novita eka said...

this article very important,the malaria can grow in climate,and so we must keep this

novita eka said...

this article very important,the malaria can grow in climate, and so we must keep this

Risa Fadhilah Putri said...

This article is very good. In this article explain a lots. Such benefit,spread until the classification of quinine plant. -rosanne-

Risa Fadhilah Putri said...

This article is very good. In this article explain a lots. Such benefit,spread until the classification of quinine plant

Risa Fadhilah Putri said...

This article is very good. In this article explain a lots. Such benefit,spread until the classification of quinine plant. -rosanne-

Risa Fadhilah Putri said...

This article is very good. In this article explain a lots. Such benefit,spread until the classification of quinine plant. -rosanne-

Risa Fadhilah Putri said...

This article is very good. In this article explain a lots. Such benefit,spread until the classification of quinine plant. -rosanne-

suci sukma said...

wonderful- rosallie

nandi suwandi said...

The article is nice and add to knowledge.-wiel

nandi suwandi said...

The article is nice and add to knowledge.-wiel

nandi suwandi said...

The article is nice and add to knowledge.-wiel

sukma aji kurniasih said...

it's great article for me because quinine plant that i know is grass, and not important and it just like weeds for other plants. so i think i must learn again about it - sasak

sukma aji kurniasih said...

it's great article for me because quinine plant that i know is grass, and not important and it just like weeds for other plants. so i think i must learn again about it-sasak

sukma aji kurniasih said...

it's great article for me because quinine plant that i know is grass, and not important and it just like weeds for other plants. so i think i must learn again about it-sasak

sukma aji kurniasih said...

thanks for your information Mr :D - sasak

winda said...

awesome , we can know many usefulness of quinine especially for malaria - lucy

Yura Mulanda said...

nice article, its could be alternative ways to prevent malaria cause sometimes low knowledge in some people about it.
-Janne

Roy MS said...

maybe quinine plants must be modified for plants at place with extreme weather

Setiawan yk said...

This time for us from agroteknologi to help everyone who attacked malaria , we can plant and producted the quinine more than before

fitri yanti said...

This article is very good for medicinal plants farmers who wanted to create a cure for malaria sufferers or people who want to prevent the malaria -- teresa

nur aisyah said...

this articlethis article is good, because it can help people with malaria, heart disease, influenza and so on.-nuy

nanda hermawan said...

Good article, i'm more proud become indonesian people
~aveiro~

saprudin din said...

The article is nice

saprudin din said...

The article is nice

saprudin din said...

The article is nice

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QUININE Saves the Man Against Malaria